Crewelwork is a style of surface embroidery using wool thread.
A wide variety of different embroidery stitches are used to follow a design outline applied to the fabric. Crewelwork was particularly popular in early seventeenth century Britain and it is often referred to as Jacobean work or Jacobean crewelwork. Designs from this period often featured stylised floral and animal designs with flowing vines and leaves.
Traditionally, crewelwork is embroidered on tightly woven linen twill stretched on a frame or hoop.