Woven wheel corner
- Bar rosette
- Close English wheel
Woven wheel corner is a drawn thread stitch which embellishes a corner with a woven circle.
The alternative name of ‘spider’ is used by Therese de Dillmont in her 1884 Encyclopedia of Needlework. It is used to reference various woven wheels, most of which have eight threads/group of threads protruding from the central ‘body’.
The earliest evidence of the use of a woven wheel corner is on a 17th century whitework band sampler, currently held by the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
In this sample hem stitch has been worked to gather the border threads in bunches of two.
Work your chosen stitch down the length of the vertical border and then carry the thread across to the opposite woven end in the corner and take the needle into two threads of the woven end.
Use the needle to carefully wrap around the thread across the corner up to the border stitching previously completed and then run the needle through the stitching and cast off to the side. Repeat with the horizontal border taking the needle down into the last bar of the previously worked area.
Bring the needle up two threads into the fabric in the top left and take it down at the bottom right to form a diagonal stitch, then wrap around this thread back to the start. Make a couple of small stitches to travel to the bottom left.
Bring the needle up two threads into the fabric in the bottom left and pass the needle through the crossed threads in the centre before taking it down at the top right.
Wrap along the thread as for the centre to complete the spokes of the wheel. Then begin to weave through the spokes.
Weave over and under alternate spokes all round the wheel, keeping the thread fairly tight the first time.
Weave round the wheel again, keeping the thread more relaxed for each subsequent circle so that it builds in size. Remember not to completely fill the corner.
After a few circles the wheel is complete. To finish off by wrapping around the last spoke back to the bottom left and cast off in the fabric.
The finished woven wheel corner.
Structure of stitch
'17th century whitework sampler', Victoria and Albert Museum (2021). Available at: https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O359932/sampler-mason-margret/ (Accessed: 19 October 2021)
Thérèse De Dillmont, Encyclopedia of Needlework (1886)
Ros Hills, Pat Gibson, Needlelace stitches - classic and contemporary (1989) , p.111