Point russe stitch
A succession of back stitched straight stitches following the line of a design.
References to Point Russe as a stitch name all seem to start in the 19th century: it is referenced in various needlework publications of the 1880s and is used in Breton work which was popular at this time. Breton work was in vogue in both Europe and north America and used coloured silks and gold thread on a net ground.
Structure of stitch
S. F. A. Caulfield, Blanche C. Saward, The Dictionary of Needlework (1882) , p.191–2
Mary Thomas, Mary Thomas’s Dictionary of Embroidery Stitches (1934) , p.70
MGH. 'Art Needlework - Jul 1882', The Art Amateur pp.42-43. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25627682
H H. (1883) 'Art Needlework - Mar 1883', The Art Amateur pp.95 (1 page). Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25627874
HGM, 'Art Needlework - Oct 1881', JSTOR (1881). Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25627489 (Accessed: 13 October 2021)
Gillian Vogelsang-Eastwood, 'Breton Embroidery', TRC Leiden (2017). Available at: https://www.trc-leiden.nl/trc-needles/regional-traditions/europe-and-north-america/embroideries/breton-work (Accessed: 13 October 2021)