This stitch consists of a group of back-stitched straight stitches which form a fan-shaped motif. It can be worked on either plain or evenweave fabric and can be used individually as an isolated stitch, or as an open filling for a design area.
References to Point Russe as a stitch name all seem to start in the 19th century: it is referenced in various needlework publications of the 1880s and is used in Breton work which was popular at this time. Breton work was in vogue in both Europe and north America and used coloured silks and gold thread on a net ground.
and one on the right, at a similar angle. Note that the outer stitches sit slightly lower than the central one.
Structure of stitch
S. F. A. Caulfield, Blanche C. Saward, The Dictionary of Needlework (1882) , p.191–2
Mary Thomas, Jan Eaton, Mary Thomas’s Dictionary of Embroidery Stitches (Revised Edition) (1989) , p.70
MGH. 'Art Needlework - Jul 1882', The Art Amateur pp.42-43. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25627682
H H. (1883) 'Art Needlework - Mar 1883', The Art Amateur pp.95 (1 page). Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25627874
HGM, 'Art Needlework - Oct 1881', JSTOR (1881). Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25627489 (Accessed: 13 October 2021)
Gillian Vogelsang-Eastwood, 'Breton Embroidery', TRC Leiden (2017). Available at: https://www.trc-leiden.nl/trc-needles/regional-traditions/europe-and-north-america/embroideries/breton-work (Accessed: 13 October 2021)