- Simple knot stitch
- Point de Pois
- Point d'Or
- Point de Poste
- Dotted stitch
- Knot stitch
- Spot stitch
- Rice stitch
- Rice grain stitch
This stitch consists of two small parallel backstitches right next to each other so that they form a single dot. They are normally worked in lines and frequently an area is filled with roughly parallel lines of dot stitch; less commonly, they can be scattered randomly like seeding. The similarities between the two stitches mean that some authors do not distinguish between the two stitches.
Blanche Caulfeild’s version in her Dictionary of Needlework indicates that more than two stitches can be worked if a more substantial dot is required.
Dot stitch was used as a filling stitch on Victorian whitework garments, including Ayrshire work, although it is hard to ascertain how prevalent it was. Written sources rarely use the name, and it can be difficult to establish on well-worn garments whether a stitch is one single stitch worked with multiple threads, or two parallel ones. The University of Edinburgh archives has a collar from the 1820s which shows dot stitch as a filling for various motifs.
Jacobean crewelwork features dot stitch, often as a line of dots, rather than as a filling stitch but again, written sources rarely identify it. At a casual glance it can look like running stitch in a heavy thread, but closer inspection indicates that it is wider than a running stitch.
Structure of stitch
Identifying Dot stitch
Dot stitch is normally worked in lines of small stitches, sometimes an area will be filled by broadly parallel lines; for seeding each stitch is worked at a different angle from the immediately surrounding ones. Dot stitch is wider than seeding as it has two stitches next to each other, whereas seeding normally consists of single stitches. Dot stitches are often worked more closely together than seeding.
Dot stitch is worked as a back stitch and which can be easily identified from the reverse of the fabric.
S. F. A. Caulfeild, Blanche C. Saward, The Dictionary of Needlework (1882) , p.181
Mrs Archibald Christie, Samplers and Stitches (1921) , p.21
Mary Thomas’s Dictionary of Embroidery Stitches (1934) , p.77
Heather Toomer, White-embroidered costume accessories the 1790s to 1840s (2013) , p.16
, 'Fine Lawn Collar', Edinburgh College of Art. Available at: https://www.embroideredstories.eca.ed.ac.uk/needlework-collection/fine-lawn-collar (Accessed: 01 September 2022)
'C18 crewelwork hanging', Victoria and Albert Museum. Available at: https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O350942/hanging-unknown/ (Accessed: 17 February 2023)