- Hedebo ring
Buttonhole couronnes are small circles of buttonhole stitch which are detached from the fabric. They are worked around various sized knitting needles or wooden dowelling to produce different sized rings which are then applied to the fabric or lace.
They have similarities with buttonhole wheels, but the central hole is normally much larger and the ring is more raised.
Buttonhole couronnes are a traditional feature of Hedebo embroidery from Denmark, hence their alternative name of Hedebo rings (hedeboringe in Danish). Hedebo embroidery is a whitework tradition from Zealand in Denmark, it rose in popularity towards the end of the 18th century when peasant reforms are credited with giving more free time for women to embroider.
Couronnes are used in other whitework and needlepoint lace techniques: Point de France from the late 17th century; sparingly in Point de Venice à reseau from the late 17th/early 18th century; and in Carrickmacross from 19th century Ireland. More modern laces also use couronnes: Point de Colbert from France; Rosaline from Belgium; and Youghal from Ireland.
To make a buttonhole couronne, use a knitting needle or a hedebo stick if available. Hold the threads firmly in place on the stick.
Wrap the thread around the stick. This will be the core of the couronne.
Take the needle down behind the wrapped thread and bring it through the loop to make the first buttonhole stitch.
Tighten the buttonhole stitch firmly.
Make the second stitch just to the right of the first.
Continue around the stick, placing each buttonhole stitch firmly against the previous one to form a tight circle of stitches.
Complete the buttonhole couronne by taking the thread up through the first buttonhole stitch. Leave the tail thread for later use.
Remove the buttonhole couronne from the stick.
Structure of stitch
Identifying Buttonhole couronne
Buttonhole couronnes have similarities with buttonhole wheels but there are two main differences: firstly, couronnes are worked independently from the fabric and then applied and so will normally be slightly raised; secondly, the central hole is normally larger for a couronne than a buttonhole wheel.
Various Authors, The Royal School of Needlework Book of Embroidery (2018) , p.272
Pat Earnshaw, Needlelace (1991) , p.30, p41
'Hedebo embroidery on the heath', Greve Museum, Denmark. Available at: http://hedebosyning.dk/hedeboeng/kulturhistorien/pa-heden (Accessed: 24 November 2021)
'Hedebo collar', Greve Museum, Denmark. Available at: http://hedebosyning.dk/hedeboeng/udstillingstekstiler/9-8-krave (Accessed: 24 November 2021)
'Hedebo collars', Greve Museum, Denmark. Available at: http://hedebosyning.dk/hedeboeng/udstillingstekstiler/10-1-kraver (Accessed: 24 November 2021)
Judyth L Gwynne, 'Illustrated dictionary of lace', archive.org (1997). Available at: https://archive.org/details/illustrateddicti0000gwyn/page/50/mode/2up (Accessed: 22 July 2022)
Examples of Buttonhole couronne
The dressmaking pin in the small image gives an indication of the size of the buttonhole couronnes