Barred buttonhole wheel
This pulled thread stitch is a version of buttonhole wheel, with a wider central hole. Rather than taking the buttonhole stitch into the same central hole, the stitches are split between four holes (leaving a crossed bar visible in the centre, hence the name).
Work a buttonhole edge to the eyelet by bringing the needle up on the outside of the circle and down in the centre.
The centre hole is divided into four quarters, the stitches from 12 o’clock to three o’clock are taken into the top right hole.
It is a pulled stitch, so gently pull the working thread on the up stitch to open the up fabric and produce the characteristic holes in the centre.
Structure of stitch
Mrs Archibald Christie, Samplers and Stitches (1921) , p.106
Mary Thomas’s Dictionary of Embroidery Stitches (1934) , p.26